Improving Player Technique

Tennis is certainly one of the most demanding sports around, thanks to its unique nature that requires a perfect blend of precision, endurance and strategy. It’s an exhausting battle on the court that usually lasts hours but where every stroke matters. And, the thing with tennis is that mastering the technique never ends. It goes way beyond pure hits – it’s also about all kinds of refinements, along with mental toughness and overall consistency, so it’s needless to say how important improving technique is. So, without further ado, let’s check its most important aspects. 

Professional Coaching

Without any doubt, one of the most important steps in improving technique is to find a professional coach. Because coaches are those who bring experience and expertise. They offer invaluable lessons that each individual needs, and their feedback is what makes everyone better. Simply, an experienced and well-educated coach can easily identify areas that need improvement for every player. It could be stroke improvement, footwork or any other aspect of tennis technique. Coaches are there to address them and help players improve.

In accordance with aspects of the game that need to be addressed, coaches are here to create a specific training program that perfectly suits each individual. Besides technique, these programs may include physical conditioning, as well as mental resilience and coaches have the task of customising them in accordance with the player’s needs and goals.  

In other words, coaches create a development plan, but they also bring much-needed mental stability, in the way that they motivate and mentor players. A professional coach with good motivating skills can easily push players and help them exceed their limits. Moreover, they can also foster mental toughness and teach players all kinds of tricks to maintain focus, as well as to handle pressure.

Then comes the match analysis - a quintessential aspect of every professional sport these days. A coach’s role is to review footage and identify areas of improvement. With such an analytical approach, coaches give players insights into their game and help them refine not just technique, but also things like tactics, strategy etc. 

A well-educated coach also knows how to prevent injuries, in the way they can teach players how to warm up properly, and how to mitigate injuries in general. Coaches have a duty to promote physical well-being and to ensure that performance doesn’t increase the risk of injury.

In conclusion, professional coaching is a lifelong process. Coaches closely monitor progress, adjust training routines as required, and maintain an unceasing level of support throughout their player’s tennis career. Proficient coaching roles help them reach their full potential, and strive for accomplishments in life, and on the field.

  • Personal Guidance: Coaches offer feedback and guidance that is precise to the improvement needs of each player. Personalised approaches help players to optimally develop their competencies.
  • Training Programs: Coaches develop training programs for players that include technical, tactical, and mental training with each game aspect. Players’ goals are guided by the program and thus should be broad.
  • Motivation and discipline: Coaches motivate the players to keep working hard by showing them what they can achieve. Also, a coach wants players to be disciplined and committed to their training and games.
  • Skill Development: The coach works on developing the players’ skills by assisting in stroke mechanics, developing footwork, and enabling players to make decisions. Skills are honed during the training to meet the demands of real game-time situations.
  • Match Analysis: The coach records and analyses each game to show the strengths and weaknesses of a player in the game. An analysis also describes the need to make a strategic change.

Focus on Fundamentals

The most fundamental skills that build a tennis player’s proclivity include grip, movement on the court, technique for swinging a racquet and standing aligned within the court. Under the backdrop of these skills, a player can improve to carry out the principles to fine-tune advanced strategies. 

Firstly, grip underlies all tennis shots. Proper grip and the correct placement of forehand, backhand, volleys, and serve to ensure maximum power and control over both the direction and spin of the ball. Most coaches emphasise ‘fine-tuning grip’ based on ball placement, thereby forging the player’s muscle memory to repeat the grip alignment.

Second, footwork is crucial in tennis, as it determines how well and fast the player can reach the ball and keep balance in the dynamics of a stroke. Appropriate footwork comprises fast and sharp steps that enable the player to place the body correctly for a certain shot. The time of shuffle step, lateral motion, and minor corrections of the position are paid special attention by coaches to the player’s ability to stroke from any side.

Third, stroke mechanics are a critical part of what makes shot execution consistent and effective. Coaches deconstruct the biomechanics of each shot in terms of racket preparation, swing path, contact point, and follow-through. By integrating stroke mechanics through repeated practice, players may achieve technique optimization to enhance power and precision.

Finally, court positioning and awareness are the fundamental aspects of a tennis strategy. The individual should take proper shots that the individual knows even before they reach the opponent. Properly position and anticipate the opponent’s shot and move into the court. Developing strong court coverage, appropriate shot selection, and placing strategy as players helps them acquire a tactical understanding during the game.


  • Mastering grip fundamentals for all tennis strokes, ensuring optimal power and control.
  • Developing quick and precise footwork to reach the ball efficiently and maintain balance.
  • Stroke improvement through proper racket preparation, swing execution, and follow-through.
  • Cultivating court positioning and tactical awareness to anticipate opponents' shots and control play.

Focus on Fundamentals

Structured Training Programs

On the other hand, structured training programs are characterised by specific plans with exercise sequences for activities or events essential in improving the player’s tennis capabilities. According to this outline, the professional coach recommended the structured training program, which was applied to the player’s areas of need and goals. Structured programs range from technical skills to tactical core duties, and mental and physical capacities.

The structured training programs of the league involve a series of drills and exercises that are scaffolded to allow participants to develop skills systematically. For instance, technical training mainly aims to enhance the participant’s knowledge and skills regarding the basic strokes of tennis, namely the forehand, backhand, volley, and serve through emphasised technique and proper application. Tactical training also focused on shot selection, court positioning, and general strategy to outsmart opponents during play. Physical training supported the players through exercises aimed at enhancing their strength, speed, agility and endurance to help them participate effectively in competitive engagements. Psychological training enables the participant to focus, gain confidence, exhibit emotional control, and be resilient during play.


  • Structured training programs are customised to address each player's specific needs and goals.
  • Programs cover technical, tactical, physical, and mental aspects of tennis to ensure comprehensive development.
  • Players engage in a variety of drills and exercises to enhance their skills systematically.
  • Training focuses on mastering fundamental strokes, tactical strategies, physical conditioning, and mental resilience to maximise performance on the court.

Practise Different Shots

Each shot type has specifically designed drills, exercises, and practice to acquire high proficiency levels while executing them. Topspin shots practice comprises generating topspin in a shot by brushing the ball with an upward movement of the racket. Slice shot exercises focus on finishing the shot underneath the ball, making the racketing slide and creating space below the racket to generate backspin. One practices volleys by hitting the shots before they land, making it a game of reflex which is enhanced by high racket control. Lob drills also develop touch, lobs being a positional rally advantage in defending, and drop drilling fosters finesses for determining the strategy of pace and arc.


  • Practising different shots in tennis helps players become versatile and adaptable on the court.
  • Players engage in drills and exercises tailored to develop proficiency in topspin, slice, volleys, lobs, and drop shots.
  • Topspin shots involve brushing the ball upward, while slice shots require slicing underneath the ball to create a backspin.
  • Volleys are practised by hitting shots out of the air, and lobs and drop shots focus on improving touch and finesse.

Develop Consistency

Consistency entails striving to execute shots accurately and reliably without regard for circumstance or pressure. A player attains consistency by practising pointedly and perfecting repetition and precision in a stroke right. Players need to steady their rhythm and timing during a tennis match in order to keep hitting the ball cleanly over the club and inside the boundaries. This entails stroke perfection, which includes footwork and timing – all in an endeavour to achieve consistent optimal contact with the ball. Developing a consistent technique through practice drills that simulate playing conditions helps players develop muscle memories and confidence that allows them to execute their skills reliably in situations when pressure is applied.


  • Developing consistency in tennis involves executing shots accurately and reliably, regardless of the situation or pressure.
  • Consistency is achieved through focused practice, emphasising repetition and precision in stroke mechanics and footwork.
  • Players maintain a steady rhythm and timing in their shots, practising drills to simulate match situations and develop muscle memory.
  • Consistency enables players to minimise errors and perform at their best consistently during matches.

Develop Consistency

Mental Toughness

Mental toughness includes four right mental skills: concentration, emotional control, self-belief, and resilience. All tennis players should develop mental toughness to feel confident and respond to unfortunate events during games. It is essential first to engage in order to keep the evaluations away and record the shots to play tennis. Players should create cup skills, such as the noise of the crowd, internal and external pressure, and the breeze in the east, undisturbed and focus on their results. Secondly, tennis players should have emotional control because it is highly pressured and creates anxiety. The player should keep a calm, playful attitude throughout the game. It helps you be realistic and positive even in hard times.


  • Mental toughness in tennis involves staying focused, resilient, and confident under pressure.
  • It includes skills such as concentration, emotional control, self-belief, and resilience.
  • Players must maintain focus to execute shots effectively and block out distractions during matches.
  • Emotional control is essential for managing nerves and frustration, enabling players to make clear-headed decisions and maintain a positive mindset.

Video Analysis

Video analysis is an invaluable technique in tennis which involves recording matches, or practice sessions, to enable a player to review and analyse his/her performance. This way, watching the recording helps the players to watch themselves in action, note their strengths, and weaknesses, and find out where they need to make changes. Coaches also use video analysis to provide feedback and recommendations to the players on the type of improvements to work on in their technique and how they approach match playing. Various competencies examined include stroke mechanics, footwork, playing position on the court, and shot selection, among others. Through the recording, the players can scrutinise their movement to detect θ-specific technical errors in their movement. Video analysis gives players the opportunity to track their progress in different sessions to identify what they have done differently but yielded.


  • Video analysis involves recording matches or practice sessions to review and analyse player performance.
  • Players and coaches examine aspects such as stroke mechanics, footwork, court positioning, and shot selection to identify areas for improvement.
  • Video analysis provides valuable feedback and guidance for players to refine their technique and strategic approach to the game.
  • It allows players to track their progress over time and observe improvements in their game, reinforcing positive habits and adjustments made during training.


Overall, tennis is a demanding and multifaceted sport that requires technical skills, physical fitness, mental toughness, and strategic aptitude. Refocusing on the basics, following established training programs, training shots, keeping up consistency, developing mental resilience, and engaging in competitive play can help players become more proficient and confident on the court. In tennis, as in other domains of life, there is a learning process that accompanies improvement, from striking the ball for the first time to challenging the best players in the world. Simplistic observation and astute guidance, even at the highest standards, are often the product of many years of studying and exerted effort, an effort that leads players to strive to play their best.